The Civil War Hub of ArkansasOn September 22, 1861 Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston wrote to Arkansas Governor Henry Massie Rector from his headquarters in Columbus, KY. He told Rector that back on September 10 Johnston was authorized by the Confederate President Jefferson Davis to call upon Rector and the State of Arkansas for troops. He told Rector, “The necessity for a strong and efficient army is present and pressing, and I therefore avail myself of the permission above cited to call upon your excellency for 10,000 troops for the service.”

Johnston continued, “I would prefer volunteers for the present war as securing better disciplined, more skilled, and effective forces, and if any such shall volunteer they will be gladly accepted; but dispatch is of the utmost importance, and companies, battalions, and regiments will be received for twelve months.”

Johnston then asks Rector to use his political influences to have the volunteers bring their own arms, both rifles and shotguns were the preferred arms. Johnston relayed, “These arms will be replaced by a uniform arms as soon as possible.”

He then told Rector that Little Rock was chosen as a rendezvous point for interested volunteers wanting to join the Confederate Army. He then asked Rector to select other points throughout the state that would be conducive for mustering in of troops for Confederate service, “having in view the health of the troops and economy of supply while organizing and under instruction preparatory to taking the field and for their march thence to the Missouri frontier of your State.”

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On September 22, 1862 General T.H. Holmes drafts General Order Number 18 for his Trans-Mississippi Department. This General Order begins, “With a view to prepare for emergencies in the field all issues of bacon, except to hospitals, are strictly prohibited.” The Order continued, “The chief commissary of subsistence, as also district, depot, division, and brigade commissaries, will retain on hand all they have and accumulate all that can be procured in their respective jurisdictions.”

“For this purpose the commanding general, proud of the disinterested zeal of the troops, does not doubt that they will cheerfully submit to this privation in order that they may be better prepared to march in search of the enemy, which he promises them shall be on the earliest day possible.”

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Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas

Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas

The James Ginnett Collection had a few entries for September 22, 1864:

-On September 22, 1864 Blacksmith Samuel K. Wilkerson in Company L of the 13th Illinois Cavalry Regiment from Gallatia, Illinois died at Pine Bluff.

-Private Jacob (Jaochim) Holt, age 35, was born in Germany. He served in Company F of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry Regiment. He died on this date in 1864 in Pine Bluff.

-1st Sgt Timothy F. Robley served in Company H was promoted to Sgt Major of the 5th Kansas Cavalry Regiment.

-Sgt Henry B. Asher served in Company H of the 5th Kansas Cavalry. He was promoted to 1st Sgt in Company H.

-Sgt. Thomas F. Reynolds from Lovington, Illinois was mustered in as 1st Lt.

-1st Lt. Adley N. Gregory from Lovington, Illinois mustered in as Captain in Company A.

-William Reed in Company F of the 13th Illinois Cavalry died on this date in 1864 in Pine Bluff.

-Commissary Sgt Perry B. Gillham was promoted to 1st Lt in Company B of the 126th Illinois Infantry Regiment.

-Henry Altenburg from Waukesha, Wisconsin and Fredrick Yahrmarr from Jefferson County, Wisconsin enlisted in Company E and Nicholas Devereall, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin; William S. Foster from Mukwonago, Wisconsin; and Edward Shine from Milwauree, Wisconsin enlisted in Company F in the 28th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment.

-Private Ernst A. Buck from Mt. Pulaski, Illinois served in Company D in the 106th Illinois Infantry Regiment. He died on this date in 1864 in Pine Bluff.

-2nd Lt. Monroe Shoup served in Company D of the 106th Illinois Infantry Regiment. He was from Mt. Pulaski, Illinois and was promoted on this date in 1864 to 1st Lt. in Company D.

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Military actions in this “Today in Arkansas During the Civil War” column can be traced better using the Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas. You can trace the same roads they walked in many cases in this atlas. You can find obscure references to communities mentioned in Civil War records that can be located in this atlas. Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas is the perfect companion book for this “Today in History” series.

If you know of any other military actions or other things that happened that we did not post on a certain day, send us an email to