The Civil War Hub of ArkansasOn August 31, 1861, Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch drafted a note to L.P. Walker telling him that the Arkansas troops overwhelmingly mustered out of service. He told Walker that only twenty men remain in the ranks. McCulloch is concerned about the weaponry that was issued to the men. He noted, “The arms and other stores ought to be turned over to me, and not taken to Pocahontas.” He continued, “Without these arms this country will be in a defenseless condition.”

Due to the decrease in troop levels in Arkansas following the mustering out of troops, McCulloch told Walker, “Other men should be raised at once and these arms put in their hands, or we will not be ready to meet the enemy.” The total amount of arms, according to the dispatch, included three thousand stand of small-arms (muskets, etc.) and he included ten pieces of artillery.

He also told Walker that the Cherokees have joined sides with the Confederacy and have, “offered me a regiment.” Regarding the Cherokees and the Native-Americans that wanted to join in the fight against the Union, McCulloch acknowledged that they needed arms as well. Before he closes, he tells Walker that his current troop level is three thousand men and, “will soon be near the southwest corner of Missouri.”

* * *

August 31, 1861 abstract from return of the troops of the Upper District Arkansas under the command of General William J. Hardee:

-1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Cleburne): 24 officers; 394 men; 506 aggregate present; 531 aggregate present and absent.

-2nd Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Hindman): 31 officers; 457 men present for duty; 680 aggregate present; 742 aggregate present and absent.

-Battalion attached to 2nd Regiment: 19 officers; 281 men present for duty; 458 aggregate present; 476 aggregate present and absent.

-5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Cross): 38 officers; 557 men present for duty; 689 aggregate present; 722 aggregate present and absent.

-6th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Lyon): 29 officers; 369 men present for duty; 552 aggregate present; 604 aggregate present and absent.

-7th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Shaver): 32 officers; 593 men present for duty; 796 aggregate present; 905 aggregate present and absent.

-Three Companies Artillery (Shoup): 14 officers; 217 men present for duty; 264 aggregate present; 283 aggregate present and absent.

-Light battery (Roberts): 31 officers; 351 men present for duty; 479 aggregate present; 568 aggregate present and absent.

-Three Companies of Cavalry (Pfifer): 13 officers; 135 men present for duty; 148 aggregate present; 181 aggregate present and absent.

173 infantry officers
2,651 infantrymen present for duty
44 cavalry officers
486 cavalrymen present for duty
16 artillery officers
302 artillerymen present for duty
4,664 aggregate present
5,109 aggregate present and absent


The following is an abstract from the monthly report of McCulloch’s brigade, Provisional Forces, Confederate States Army as commanded by Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch:

-McNair’s regiment of Arkansas infantry: 38 officers; 570 infantrymen present for duty; 693 aggregate present; 695 aggregate present and absent.

-McRae’s battalion: 13 officers; 150 infantrymen present for duty; 272 aggregate present; 294 aggregate present and absent.

-Hebert’s regiment of Louisiana infantry: 27 officers; 450 infantrymen present for duty; 658 aggregate present; 847 aggregate present and absent.

-Choctaw and Chickasaw mounted rifles: 44 officers; 969 cavalrymen; 1,039 aggregate present; 1,085 aggregate present and absent.

-McIntosh’s regiment of Arkansas rifles: 32 officers; 414 cavalrymen present for duty; 620 aggregate present; 662 aggregate present and absent.

-Churchill’s regiment of Arkansas cavalry: 31 officers; 440 cavalrymen present for duty; 535 aggregate present; 768 aggregate present and absent.

-Greer’s regiment of Texas cavalry: 36 officers; 867 cavalrymen present for duty; 992 aggregate present; 1042 aggregate present and absent.

Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas

Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas

78 infantry officers
1,170 infantrymen present for duty
143 cavalry officers
2,690 cavalrymen present for duty
4,809 aggregate present
5,393 aggregate present and absent

* * *

On this date in 1864, Brigadier General C.C. Andrews wrote to Captain C.H. Dyer from DeValls Bluff that a detachment of the 1st Indiana Cavalry arrived at DeValls Bluff on their way home mustering out of service. He describes several boats that have taken troops on the White River, including the Nevada, which Andrews had de-boarded only the day before. He noted the steamer Sally List would be the boat the 1st Indiana would be loaded on, “and will wait at Saint Charles if she has to return.” He noted that the 1st Indiana Volunteers, “were to unload her for the chance of going on her, with the understanding of a possibility of her detention at Saint Charles.” He closed by noting that, “When she [Sally List] left nothing had been [done] toward loading the Tycoon.
* * *

Also on this date, Powell Clayton’s command consisted of the following:
-13th Illinois comanded by Colonel Albert Erskine.

-1st Indiana (two companies) under the command of Captain James A. Pine

-5th Kansas Cavalry (four companies) under the command of Major Thomas W. Scudder

-7th Missouri under the command of Captain Lafayette Bunner.

* * *

Continuation of Raynor’s Report:

Sunday morning, Raynor reported taking aboard Mrs. Manley near Bolivar Landing. “From her, and also from other sources, I learned that colonel Starke has a brigade from Van Dorn’s army now encamped on Bolivar Lake, with four or six pieces of artillery, and was daily expecting re-enforcements, with a 30-pounder gun.” The intelligence reprt continued, “This force now on the lake is represented as high as 3,000 and as low as 1,800. It was a part of his command that we met at Carson’s Landing.”

This report is part of a series:

-Thursday August 28
-Friday August 29
-Saturday August 30
-Sunday August 31
-Wednesday September 3

* * *

Continuation of Hudson’s report:

On August 31, 1864, Colonel John G. Hudson started an expedition from Helena up the White River on August 29. Yesterday he left Helena with his command and reached Maddox Bayou yesterday afternoon. On August 31, they made camp a mile from the river. The series of Colonel John G. Hudson’s report, broken down by date, can be seen on the following posts:

August 29, 1864
August 30, 1864
August 31, 1864
September 1, 1864
September 2, 1864
September 3, 1864

* * *

The James Ginnett Collection had a few entries for August 31, 1864:

-Private Andrew Foster, from Lincoln, Illinois, served in Company E of the 106th Illinois Infantry Regiment. He died on this date in Pine Bluff (enlisted on February 15, 1864)

-Frederich Mohoman, aged 35, was born in Germany. He mustered into Company H of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry Regiment on this date.

-Jacob Hubert, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, served in Company H. He enlisted in the 28th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment.

-Thomas Stanwood, also from Milwaukee, served in Company E of the 28th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment. He mustered into service on this date.

-Festus H. Clark, from Summit, Wisconsin, was a musician. He deserted from Company C of the 28th Wisconsin Infantry.

-Arthur C. Denison, from McLeansboro, Illinois, died in Pine Bluff. He served in Company H of the 13th Illinois Cavalry Regiment.

-John B. Massey, from Lynneville, Indiana served in Company B (Reorganized) of the 1st Indiana Cavalry Regiment. He died on this date.

-Charles Barcow, born in Germany, mustered into Company A of the 3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

-Fredrick Mohrman, aged 43, was born in Germany and mustered into Company H of the 3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was from Lentz (Hennepin County, Minnesota).

Military actions in this “Today in Arkansas During the Civil War” column can be traced better using the Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas. You can trace the same roads they walked in many cases in this atlas. You can find obscure references to communities mentioned in Civil War records that can be located in this atlas. Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas is the perfect companion book for this “Today in History” series.

If you know of any other military actions or other things that happened that we did not post on a certain day, send us an email to