The Civil War Hub of ArkansasOn August 29, 1861, the President of the Military Board and Governor of Arkansas, Henry M. Rector, wrote to L.P. Walker noting that the men who volunteered for service in the state militia under the command of Brigadier-General Pearce, were handed over to the Confederate States. Rector wrote, “They were mustered at first into the service of the State, and their individual consent is necessary to perfect the transfer.” He added, “This might have been readily obtained before the battle near Springfield.”

The dispatch continued, “We are advised by our agent that it will now be next to impossible to obtain it without the condition that they have the command of General McCulloch, under whom they fought and passed from the region in which they were situated across to General Hardee, with whom they are unacquainted [and] We ask that the agreement with General Hardee be so far modified as to enable us to turn these forces over to General McCulloch.” Rector warned, “Without this they will probably disband.”

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Continuation of Raynor’s report:

At daylight on August 29, the Pittsburg began shelling the shore of the river. Raynor wrote in his report, “As soon as she commenced firing I landed 175 men and one piece (leaving 25 men and one piece as a guard on the boats), and marched out, near 2 miles, to where the rebels were encamped.” The Confederates knew the fleet was en route and, “made haste during the night to remove their stores and equipage, but remained behind themselves to fight; but our appearance and one volley induced them to believe the locality unhealthy, and they left it in a hurry; nor could we induce them to stop, although the most persuasive messengers, in the shape of Enfield balls, were sent after them.” He continued, “Hats, sabers, pistols, holsters, and saddle-bags were dropped in their rapid flight [and] Some, to hide the better in the brush, left their horses, 9 of which we captured…If any were killed or wounded, we were unable to find them in the weeds and cane.”

Fifty men from Company A, including Captain Manning, “was sent to stir up a small nest of guerrillas near.” He noted that the detail killed one enemy soldier and he thought they may have wounded another. The Union losses were zero. One prisoner, J.C. Underwood, was captured. Underwood served in Company H of the 28th Mississippi Volunteers. They also captured a tent, a tent fly, approximately thirty sabers, ten shotguns, three Mississippi Rifles, a cart load of meat, two mules, a case of surgical instruments, twelve saddles, and nine horses, “all of which have been turned over to the proper authorities.”

A Confederate deserter, last name of Dunaway, also turned himself in. Dunaway served in the 1st Missouri Regiment (CS). According to Raynor, Dunaway said, “he had deserted from Vicksburg and made his way this far up the river.” By noon of August 29, they got back on the river and headed downstream.

One of Raynor’s missions was to be on the lookout for an artillery batter of two cannons on the Mississippi River at Montgomery’s Point. When they landed at Montgomery’s Point, they found that a, “road had been cut through the woods to Scrub-Grass Bend, but that the cannon (two pieces) were yet at Prairie Landing, on White River, but were soon expected down, to be placed in position in Scrub-Grass Bend.”

This report is part of a series:

-Thursday August 28
-Friday August 29
-Saturday August 30
-Sunday August 31
-Wednesday September 3

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Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas

Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas

On this date in 1862, Brigadier-General Fredrick Steele drafted General Orders Number 43 from Helena, Arkansas. It consisted of two parts, the first of which announced Steele’s command of the Army of the Southwest and the second part announced Captain J.W. Paddock as Assistant Adjutant-General at his headquarters in Helena.
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On August 29, 1864, Colonel John G. Hudson of the 60th USCT was given orders placing him in command of an expedition from Helena up the White River. The command consisted of Major Carmichael of the 15th Illinois Cavalry Volunteers consisting of 125 men; Major Wells of the 56th USCT consisting of 180 men; Captain Bancroft of the 2nd USCT Light Artillery consisting of Company E (one section of artillery) including 45 men; Captain Eli Ramsey of the 60th USCT consisting of 150 men. The total number of men on the expedition was 500. After loading onto the steamers Dove and Hamilton Belle at 8pm, the arrived at the mouth of the White River at 6am the following day.
The series of Colonel John G. Hudson’s report, broken down by date, can be seen on the following posts:

August 29, 1864
August 30, 1864
August 31, 1864
September 1, 1864
September 2, 1864
September 3, 1864

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The James Ginnett Collection has several entries for August 29, 1864:

Private Haas Nichols, aged 28, was born in Germany and lived in Hastings (Darota County), Minnesota. He died in Pine Bluff today. He served in Company F of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry Regiment.

The following mustered into Company A of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry Regiment:
Phillip Magg from Hastings (Dakota County)
John Seims from Chaska (Carver County)
John E. Smith from Taylors Field (Chicago County)

The following mustered into Company D of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry Regiment:
Alfred Tollberg- 18 years old
Charles J. Vaden- 31 years old
John Carlson- 26 years old
John Erickson- 28 years old
Israel Joanson- 31 years old
Ake Johnson- 44 years old

The following mustered into Company F of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry Regiment:
Robert Hare- 17 years old
Mathias Harring- 37 years old
William Saltz- 30 years old

George D. Hill mustered into Company G (30 years old); Verval A. Bidwell (20) and Alden Webster (18) both mustered into Company K; and Ole Henbrickson (31) into Company B.

Military actions in this “Today in Arkansas During the Civil War” column can be traced better using the Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas. You can trace the same roads they walked in many cases in this atlas. You can find obscure references to communities mentioned in Civil War records that can be located in this atlas. Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas is the perfect companion book for this “Today in History” series.

If you know of any other military actions or other things that happened that we did not post on a certain day, send us an email to