On August 28, 1862, Brigadier-General J.M. Schofield wrote to Brigadier-General Loan in Sedalia, Missouri. He noted there were, “strong indications of the concentration of a large force of rebels in Northwestern Arkansas for the purpose of invading Missouri.” He continued, “They will make a desperate effort to accomplish this as the only means of obtaining subsistence.” Schofield noted that in a matter of a few weeks’ time, he would have enough of a force to engage the Confederate threat.
On December 28, 1864, General Sterling Price drafted his official report of his raid into Missouri after the raid was completed. Price’s report begins with his regrets that the information he drafted was not as complete as it could have been, had General Marmaduke and General Cabell not been taken prisoner before the completion of the raid. The two, “bore so honorable and conspicuous a part in the greater part of the expedition.”
Price received a letter on August 11, 1864 from General E. Kirby Smith instructing Price to make arrangements for a movement of troops into Missouri. He also received information at the same time, “in full detail of the proposed movement, of the routes intended to be pursued, and probable time when it would be made was without delay sent by me to Brigadier-General Shelby, who then commanded in Northeastern Arkansas, with instructions to make an attack, when in his judgment he should deem it advisable, upon Devall’s Bluff and the railroad between Little Rock and the White River in possession of the enemy, and by diverting their attention from my own movements enable me to cross the Lower Arkansas-the route then proposed-and unite our forces without danger of failure.
Regarding General J.O. Shelby’s attack on the railroad near DeValls Bluff, Price wrote that it, “was one of the most brilliant of the war and cast additional luster upon the well earned fame of that gallant general and the men and officers under his command.”Another part of the plan included Price’s crossing of the Arkansas River about August 20. He wrote, “but from delay in receiving the necessary ordnance stores I was unable to do so.” He continued, “Finally the required complement was received on the 27th, and on the 28th of August I was relieved from the command of the District of Arkansas…”
Start of Raynor’s report:
Because the steamboats were not quite ready for the expedition on that Wednesday night, the expedition began on the next day, August 28. They steamed down the river to Roberts’ Landing where a Mrs. Manley boarded per order of General Curtis. The first night the expedition reached Carson’s Landing. Ryan wrote, “Here a negro came off to us during the night and reported, ‘solgers ober dar’ [and] I ascertained from him that a force of the enemy, numbering from 200 to 300, were encamped between 1 and 2 miles from the river.”
This report is part of a series:
The James Ginnett Collection has a few entries for August 28, 1864:
Franklin L. Mackey served in Company M of the 13th Illinois. He was from Dongola, Illinois and died in Pine Bluff today in 1864.
John Staley, aged 34, was born in Germany and live in Carver County, Minnesota before the war. He served in Company I of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry and died in Pine Bluff on this date.
Private Henry Markham served in Company E of the 5th Kansas Cavalry Regiment. He died of disease in Hannibal, MO and was in hospital at Pine Bluff on April 19, 1864 with pneumonia.
Charles D. Luce was from Lisbon, Wisconsin and served in Company A of the 28th Wisconsin. He died today in Pine Bluff of disease.
Augustin Shorter, aged 34, was born in Germany and lived in Carver Counter, Minnesota, He served in Company I of the 3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He died today in Pine Bluff.
Military actions in this “Today in Arkansas During the Civil War” column can be traced better using the Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas. You can trace the same roads they walked in many cases in this atlas. You can find obscure references to communities mentioned in Civil War records that can be located in this atlas. Civil War Arkansas: A Military Atlas is the perfect companion book for this “Today in History” series.
If you know of any other military actions or other things that happened that we did not post on a certain day, send us an email to email@example.com.