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As fate would dictate, however, the Union campaign was a complete military disaster, which resulted in the retreat of Federal forces and the eventual abandonment of the operation. Throughout the blunderous operation, the Confederates took every advantage in defending Arkansas’ new vagabond capitol in Washington situated in the southwest part of the state. The Confederates were also able to keep secure the cotton in the southern part of Arkansas and in Texas. The loss of either Washington, cotton, or Texas would have proven disastrous to the rebellious state and the Trans-Mississippi generally. This atlas is based on the original engineer’s map used by military officers in the planning of military operations roughly south of the Louisiana Purchase baseline spanning most of south Arkansas. This is by no means an exhaustive resource that shows every topographical phenomenon throughout the state, nor is it meant to be a completely accurate and complete representation of the state. In short it was an operational military map that was being used to plan troop movements of Confederate forces in South Arkansas, perhaps into Texas, by 1865. This theory is based on the extreme detail along the Red River valley in south Arkansas as if a military operation westward were planned. Unfortunately only 29 per cent of the state was reconnoitered by the Confederate engineers that created the original map.