Battle of HelenaFollowing three charges up Battery C, the Confederate army under General Price finally gained the high ground during the Battle of Helena. They hoisted up the Confederate flag and began pondering how to take the city below until the U.S.S. Tyler began launching her 8 inch shells with fuses set at 15 seconds. The destruction was unbelievable.

The Avenging Fire of the Gunboat

The gunboat U.S.S. Tyler gave the Union defenders a decided advantage in the Battle of Helena. Her captain could move the gunboat and its heavy artillery where it was needed most, and that is exactly what he did.

Pritchett Exploits the Tyler’s Impressive Firepower
The U.S.S. Tyler arrived in Helena on July 2, 1863. When the battle opened along the lower Little Rock Road south of Battery C two days later, the Tyler’s big guns silenced the Confederate artilley firing on the Union troops east of Battery D.

As the battle raged, Lieutenant Commander James M. Pritchett moved the Tyler up and down the Mississippi, to wherever she could be most useful. When the Confederates captured Battery C, the gunboat turned her impressive firepower on the gray-clad soldiers on the ridge. When the Confederates ran down Graveyard Hill to attack Fort Curtis, Pritchett redirected the Tyler’s fire.

The Tyler’s Fire is Awful in its Effect
A Union naval officer recalled the gruesome result. “The slaughter of the enemy at times was terrible, and all unite in describing the horrors of that hillside, and the ravines after the battle, as baffling description, the killed literally torn to pieces by shell, and the avenging fire of the gunboat…”

When the Confederates attacking Fort Curtis fell back, the Tyler again turned her guns on Battery C. The Confederate offensive broke and the Union troops regained the battery in no small part due to the Tyler’s support. The Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Wells, later presented a commendation to Lieutenant Commander Pritchett for his actions during the Battle of Helena.

Arkansas In The Civil War