One hundred and fifty years ago, while the Southern States were reeling in their victory at Bull Run at Manassas Junction, Arkansas was steadily busying herself with supplying brave new recruits for the Confederate Army while debates continued in the North over the cause of the War in which they found themselves already loosing.
On July 22, 1861, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the “Crittenden Resolution”, which stated that the Civil War was being waged “to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and to preserve the Union” but was not intended at all to interfere or otherwise destroy the institution of slavery nor was its goal to subjugate the Southern States.
Among the several Arkansas Confederate regiments east of the Mississippi River was the 3rd Arkansas Volunteer Infantry. During the fight at Bull Run, the 3rd Arkansas was encamped at Lynchburg, Virginia.
1st Lieutenant E.O. Hundley in the 3rd Arkansas recalled on July 30, 1861, that “About 25 minutes ago we were muster[ed] in- of which I am pleased.” He continued, “The Northern forces all wail over their utter and complete rout at Bull Run.” In this letter to his mother back in Arkansas, he reminds her that, “I think one or two more such fights and routs will bring them to their senses. Mark what I say, by the 1st day of December, England will break up the Blockade and then of course a fight insues [sic] between her and the North. The whole North is alarmed…Wall Street is in agonies. Stocks fell 6 per cent on the evening of the battle…They fear a total annihilation of their commerce.”
Meanwhile back in Arkansas, troop numbers increase on a daily basis as the fever of War was reaching epidemic levels; boys and men filled the ranks while the ladies resumed their auxiliary roles.