Arkansas Civil War

Search the Civil War Hub


November 19, 2014 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, News, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

LITTLE ROCK—The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission has approved an application for an Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Historical Marker in Lonoke County, ACWSC Chairman Tom Dupree announced today.
The marker, sponsored by the Bill and Sharon Arnold Family Foundation, will commemorate the August 24, 1864, battle of Ashley’s and Jones’s Stations and will be located at Carlisle City Hall.
Through the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Historical Marker Program, the ACWSC works withlocal partners to help tell the stories of how the Civil War affected communities around the state. The Commission hopes that there will be at least one marker in each of the state’s 75 counties by the end of the commemoration in 2015. Counties that currently do not have Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Historical Markers are Ashley, Bradley, Calhoun, Conway, Craighead, Crawford, Drew, Franklin, Fulton, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Howard, Johnson, Lafayette, Lawrence, Montgomery, Newton, Polk, Pope, Randolph, Sevier and Sharp.
To date, 92 markers in 53 counties have been approved. Marker applications are available at
For more information on sesquicentennial plans, visit or e-mail
The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission is housed within the Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. The AHPP is the Department of Arkansas Heritage agency responsible for identifying, evaluating, registering and preserving the state’s cultural resources. Other agencies are the Arkansas Arts Council, the Delta Cultural Center in Helena, the Old State House Museum, the Mosaic Templars Cultural Center, the Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission and the Historic Arkansas Museum.

Enter your email address to subscribe to the Arkansas Toothpick:

Helena Remembers Cleburne on November 30, 2014 (150th Anniversary of the Battle of Franklin)

November 18, 2014 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, Memorial Services, News, Seven Generals Camp #135, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil War

rare photograph taken of Cleburne in Helena before the Civil War.

November 30 will mark the 150th anniversary of the death of Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne and the Seven Generals chapter of the Sons of Confederate Veterans will commemorate that event with a day of remembrance and prayer. Cleburne, native to County Cork (Ireland) made Helena his home in 1850 and in 1861, he left his adopted home town to join the Confederate army with his unit composed of men from Phillips County.

Cleburne was killed in the final assault on the Union fortifications at Franklin, Tenn. on November 30 in a last-ditch effort by General Hood to drive the Federal forces from the area. Today Cleburne is among the most interpreted personalities in the Civil War Helena initiative and his grave atop Crowley’s Ridge is one of the most visited sites by out-of-town heritage tourists.

The November 30 commemoration will begin at 10:30 at St. John’s Episcopal Church in historic downtown Helena at the corner of Pecan and Perry Streets. Patrick Cleburne was a member of the St. John’s congregation before the Civil War began. The Episcopal mass will be followed by a graveside memorial at the Confederate Cemetery at high noon. The service will include libations given by local living historians/reenactors and a short program by former Arkansas Division SCV Commander Mark Kalkbrenner.

This event is free and open to the public. For more information, go to or call 870-592-0079.

Enter your email address to subscribe to the Arkansas Toothpick:

Arkansas in the Civil War: Troop Levels Dwindling in Arkansas

November 17, 2014 By: admin Category: 150th Anniversary Project, Arkansas in the Civil War, Research, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarOne hundred and fifty years ago, the Union garrison in Helena was down to a skeleton crew of white troops, as the U.S.C.T. (United States Colored Troops) was then manning the artillery batteries and garrisoning the Union stronghold on the Mississippi River. According to Special orders No. 170, the Sixth Minnesota left the Delta community for St. Louis, leaving only one regiment in Helena. According to a dispatch sent by Brigadier-General N.B. Buford, “The removal of the Twenty-third Wisconsin before the return of the Sixth Minnesota will leave this post almost destitute of white troops.” Buford continued, I have the honor to request that the Twenty-third Wisconsin be permitted to remain here until the Sixth Minnesota arrives.”

Meanwhile, the Confederate army in Arkansas was in no better shape. According to a dispatch sent by Major-General Magruder to Brigadier-Genera; W.R. Boggs,”General Price’s army is totally demoralized and would not be able to fight 5,000 men; also that the enemy have re-enforced Fayetteville, Ark.” General Price had lost all but four pieces of artillery and Confederate desertions were on the rise following Price’s raid into Missouri.

As is matters were not dire enough of the Confederates, “I learn that 4,000 of the enemy’s troops have advanced as far as Bayou Mason from Gaines’ Landing and were stopped there by the rise of the waters.”

Military actions in Arkansas this week one hundred and fifty years ago include a skirmish at Buck Skull on the 20th and a skirmish at St. Charles on the 24th. For a full list of military actions during the Civil War in Arkansas, go to

Enter your email address to subscribe to the Arkansas Toothpick:

Historic Profiles: General James Yell (Part 1)

November 16, 2014 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, General James Yell, Research, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarThe Arkansas Toothpick will be publishing a historic profile series over the next five weeks on Arkansas General James Yell written by Arkansas Toothpick contributor Jerry Lawrence from Pine Bluff, Arkansas. The first installation of this series includes an introduction to the work. Other editions of this series will include genealogical information on Yell, the General during and after the Civil War, and a brief biography of the Arkansas general. Following is the beginning of the series:


Jefferson County has always had a few outstanding, prominent men around at any given time, but it seems that in the mid-1800, Pine Bluff and Jefferson County were blessed with such men.

There was Samuel C. & John S. Roane, Judge William Bocage, Judge Murray & his son John Ed Murray, (who became the youngest Confederate General in the Civil War). Then there was A.A.C Rodgers, a merchant and a strong Unionist, William Porter Grace a lawyer and strong Secessionist, and the Vining brothers, George and Tom, a name that was prominent, in the business world of Pine Bluff well into the 20th century.

Another prominent Pine Bluff man of that time was General James Yell, the subject of this thesis and the nephew of Archibald Yell, Arkansas second governor and Mexican War hero. Almost all of Arkansas and Pine Bluff historians have failed to recognize James Yell in any of their work. This is very puzzling because some of the men , of that time period, wrote about him and spoke very highly of the General.

The research for this paper is the results of a query made to the Jefferson County Genealogy Society several years ago by a Mr. Bruce Alardice. By answering his query I learned a lot of Arkansas history, Pine Bluff history and Civil War history, which I did not know before doing the research for this gentleman. It resulted in some 30 references relating to General Yell and the Yell family, which I sent to Mr. Allerdice. He took this and other information and produced a page and a half in a book entitled More Generals in Gray.

There is much more research to be done relating to Yell and the Arkansas Militia specially their involvement in seizing of Union steamboats before the actual war begin. Another bit of history the historians leave out when they write their many books.

(Part 2 will be published on the Arkansas Toothpick on November 23, 2014.)

Enter your email address to subscribe to the Arkansas Toothpick:

Historic Profile: Cullen M. Barker (By Jerry Lawrence)

November 15, 2014 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, Research, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Bushwhackers, guerrillas Jayhawkers, Graybacks, Yankee or Confederate, it did not matter. All caused much suffering among the citizens of Arkansas. Some called it the “Real War in Arkansas.” This type of warfare was not limited to any one section of the state nor was it limited to any one class of people. Even in extreme Southwest Arkansas where the Union Army never occupied, the guerrilla warfare raged notoriously. One Cullen Baker was proclaimed a hero, by those who did not know him, because he was a killer of “Yankees and Niggers.” Those who knew him and lived in that part of the state and in Northeast Texas knew he would kill anyone, Yankees, Negros and those who supported the Confederacy, just for the fun of it. Once, while riding down the road, he met a farm family and several servants, in their wagon, Baker pulled out his gun and shot one of the young black girls killing her on the spot. When asked why he did it, by some of his men, his reply was, “I did not like her looks.” If he and his men went to a house to do their plundering and killing and the people were not at home he would kill all their dogs before leaving. Baker was finally killed by his brother-in-law and a group of Arkansas Citizens who collected a $1.000 dollar reward from both the U.S. Army in Texas and from Governor, Powell Clayton, of Arkansas.
These kind of actives prolonged the Yankee occupation and the fear in the lives of the citizens of South Arkansas.

Enter your email address to subscribe to the Arkansas Toothpick:

2015 Battle of Helena

Civil War in Helena

(Click on image for full size)

Click HERE to download the Registration Packet

Donate Now

Civil War in Helena

(click on picture for full size)

The Seven Generals Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp in Helena, Arkansas needs your help in funding several historic projects. The camp plays an integral part in the maintenance of battle field sites and preservation of historic properties. A donation in any amount would be greatly appreciated and put to good use!

A list of the sites maintained by the Seven Generals Camp:
1) The Confederate Cemetery, where over 120 Confederates are buried, including General Patrick R. Cleburne, General James C. Tappan, and General Thomas C. Hindman.

2) Civil War Helena interpretative markers- we maintain over 50 historical interpretative panels throughout the city, including the battlefield, Confederate Cemetery, General Tappan's home, Battery C, and many other historic sites.

3) Confederate Memorial Park- We purchased and donated to the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Inc. in Columbia, TN approximately an acre of battlefield property that serves as a memorial to the Confederates that fought in and died in the Battle of Helena. Many soldiers are still unaccounted for and this park serves as their "marker". We maintain the park and the costs are mounting in maintenance, an electric bill to keep a light on the 1st National Confederate Flag that flies on a nice 25 foot pole overlooking Fort Curtis across the street.

4) We do living histories often and have a growing number of recruits that want to start re-enacting and doing living histories and interpretative programs. The costs of purchasing new and used Civil War re-enacting supplies are staggering. Any monetary or re-enacting supplies that can be donated would be appreciated.

If you would like to donate used or new re-enacting gear and supplies, we will take any items, even if they need to be fixed or mended. Re-enacting clothing items of all sizes and types needed, including hats. We have a youth program as well, so smaller sizes are welcomed as well. If you would like to donate supplies or equipment, mail it to Seven Generals Camp, PO Box 409, Helena, AR 72342.

The best part is that all items donated to the Seven Generals Sons of Confederate Camp #135's living history program are tax deductible! Upon the arrival of your donation, we will respond with our tax ID# for tax purposes.

Below are a couple choices in donating to the maintenance and preservation of Helena's battlefield:

-Make a one-time donation in any amount

-Make a donation on a regular basis. Those that donate $1000 over time will have their names on a sign of donors on Confederate Memorial Park and you will receive the Lt. William Rector Award, which includes a certificate and a medal. Over time we will start an endowment that will ensure the perpetual upkeep of historic Confederate sites in Helena.

Confederate Memorial Park- Helena, AR

Arkansas In The Civil War

(click on picture for full size)

Because of the valiant support of dedicated individuals across the globe, the money has been raised for the purchase of Confederate Memorial Park in Helena, Arkansas.

We have taken a rare opportunity for the Sons of Confederate Veterans to own a core piece of battlefield and made it a reality! Located in Helena, Arkansas directly across from Fort Curtis and to the side of a Civil War era home (Moore-Hornor Home), both properties of which are maintained by the State of Arkansas (Delta Cultural Center) is approximately an acre of core battlefield that backs up to the site where General Price's troops made an attack on Fort Curtis on July 4, 1863.

On March 15, 2013 the General Executive Committee of the Sons of Confederate Veterans met in Biloxi, MS. At this meeting it was decided that the property will be donated to the SCV- This is a much-needed heritage victory in the Delta!

Your support is greatly needed!
Mail a check or money order today to:

Seven Generals Camp #135
PO Box 409
Helena, AR 72342

Your donation is tax-deductable!

ALL donations are tax-deductible!

The Arkansas Toothpick is the largest repository of Arkansas Civil War history and heritage. Observing the 150th Anniversary of the War Between the States is a task that the Toothpick does not take lightly, as we have posted original and exclusive articles on events in Arkansas on a weekly and chronological basis since 2010 (150 years after 1860). The purpose of the "150 Years Ago..." articles, written and researched by Ron Kelley and Don Roth, is to give a true reflection of the political, martial, and other aspects of Arkansas history leading up to and through the American Civil War.

Boasting of over ONE MILLION visitors, the Arkansas Toothpick has serves as a Civil War hub for historians and the general public. Our FACEBOOK page has nearly 1,000 FB Friends and counting, complete with live updates of

Arkansas Toothpick on Facebook

Professional Geneologist

If you are looking for information on your ancestors or want to locate a lost relative and need a professional geneologist, the Arkansastoothpick reccomends:
Crystal Truman Batson


  • Register
  • Log in
  • WordPress

customer service software technical support
Live Chat by Comm100