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History Commission News: Scanning Clinic

April 15, 2015 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, News, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarThis Friday will be our 3rd scanning clinic for the month of April:
In commemoration of the 110th anniversary of the Arkansas History Commission and State Archives, the agency will host digitization clinics each Friday from 10 a.m. until 2 p.m. in its conference room.
For the April digitization clinics, AHC staff invites the general public to bring in material appropriate for scanning on flatbed scanners or for photographing, such as documents, maps or photographs. AHC archivists will scan and save to CDs copies of scanned material for the public. Members of the general public who choose to take advantage of this free scanning service will be asked to share the digital copies with the History Commission for research, exhibits and publication.
“The digitization clinic is a modern twist on the way the History Commission built its collections from the beginning,” said Commission Director Dr. Lisa Speer. “Through the years, our collections have grown thanks to the foresight of historically minded citizens across Arkansas and the U.S. We still like receiving donations of historical manuscripts and records, but we recognize that not everyone is ready to donate their family papers and memorabilia. This digitization clinic provides them with an option to share the content, while maintaining the originals during their lifetime.”
The Arkansas History Commission was created during the 1905 session of the Arkansas General Assembly for the purpose of collecting and preserving Arkansas’s significant wealth of historic material.
For additional information on the Arkansas History Commission and these clinics, please phone 501-682-6900 or email

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April 15, 2015 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, News, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarLITTLE ROCK—The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission has approved applications for Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Historical Markers in Crawford, Dallas and Saline counties, ACWSC Chairman Tom Dupree announced today.

The approved markers are:

* Van Buren Raid, commemorating the December 1862 attack on Van Buren that culminated the Prairie Grove Campaign. Sponsored by the Drennen-Scott Historic Site of the University of Arkansas at Fort Smith, the marker will be placed at the Drennen-Scott House in Van Buren

* Dallas County in the Civil War, commemorating military activities along the Warren/Princeton Road. Sponsored by the Dallas County Museum, the marker will be placed in a park on West Third Street in Fordyce.

* Col. William Crawford and Gen. George Holt, commemorating a pair of prominent Confederate officers from Saline County. Sponsored by David O. Dodd Camp 619, Sons of Confederate Veterans, the marker will be placed at Lee Cemetery in Benton.

Through the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Historical Marker Program, the ACWSC works with local partners to help tell the stories of how the Civil War affected communities around the state. The Commission hopes that there will be at least one marker in each of the state’s 75 counties by the end of the commemoration in 2015. Counties that currently do not have Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Historical Markers are Bradley, Calhoun, Franklin, Hot Spring, Howard, Lafayette, Lawrence, Montgomery, Newton, Polk and Sharp.

To date, 120 markers in 64 counties have been approved. Marker applications are available at

For more information on sesquicentennial plans, visit or e-mail

The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission is housed within the Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. The AHPP is the Department of Arkansas Heritage agency responsible for identifying, evaluating, registering and preserving the state’s cultural resources. Other agencies are the Arkansas Arts Council, the Delta Cultural Center in Helena, the Old State House Museum, the Mosaic Templars Cultural Center, the Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission and the Historic Arkansas Museum.

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Arkansas in the Civil War: Lee Surrenders But War not Over in Arkansas

April 14, 2015 By: admin Category: 150th Anniversary Project, Arkansas in the Civil War, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarOne hundred and fifty years ago, General Robert E. Lee surrendered his forces at Appomattox, Virginia to General U.S. Grant. Following the historical surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, a series of military maneuvers in Arkansas became the focus of the Confederate army left in Arkansas. Though Lee surrendered his army, those Reb forces in this state were in constant motion.
According to a dispatch to Major-General Halleck in Washington, D.C., Major-General Pope wrote, “General Reynolds’ cavalry is nearly all dismounted, General Canby having taken all the horses from Arkansas.” The dispatch continued, “Whilst Reynolds might defend the posts he occupies, he has no force sufficient to oppose Kirby Smith’s advance, nor is there any force elsewhere in this command for the purpose.”
Regarding Lee’s surrender, Pope wrote, “It is not known what effect Lee’s surrender may have on this movement, but your immediate attention is invited to this dispatch: The Montgomery papers say a gentleman just from Richmond, and a Member of Congress, informs us that General Lee has ordered Kirby Smith to move with his whole army into Missouri.” Union spies concluded, “…that Kirby Smith is preparing to make the movement at the earliest possible moment.
For more information on Arkansas in the Civil War, go to

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Arkansas in the Civil War: Finality

April 13, 2015 By: admin Category: 150th Anniversary Project by Don Roth, Arkansas in the Civil War, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarThe month of April in 1865 marked the end of the war for Southern Independence, or what we now call the American Civil War. In the eastern theater Generals Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee negotiated terms of surrender on April 9. Grant was magnanimous by allowing Southern soldiers to receive parole certificates which let them move homeward without harassment. In some regions Federal authorities provided them steamboat travel. So ended four years of death, destructions, and gruesomeness — but not altogether. In shocking contrast President Lincoln was assassinated on April 14 in Ford’s theater, and died the next day.
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered what was left of the Army of Tennessee near Durham Station North Carolina on April 26, to the peculiar Gen. William T. Sherman. Despite his reputation for blood curdling communications he offered identical terms of surrender given Lee.
For his part President Jefferson Davis and five cabinet members left Richmond by train on April 1 in response to a telegram from Gen. Lee telling him to depart. On the way south he refused to listen to Gen. Johnston and Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard who advised him that further resistance was futile.
Millions of slaves were receiving liberation with Union occupation but total freedom would remain a struggle amid social and economic problems. President Lincoln hinted at giving them the right to vote in a speech made shortly before his death. The passage of the 13th amendment made it so. This sixteenth President had tried in the 1850’s to deport black people to Central America. Early in his administration he made unsuccessful attempts for their colonization in Haiti and Liberia. Despite today’s “Lincoln legend” he shamelessly possessed no moral interest in African slavery except where it was politically expedient.
Across the Mississippi Lt. Gen. Kirby Smith on June 2 negotiated terms of surrender through his emissary Lt. Gen. S. B. Buckner. Imprisoned Confederates from the Trans-Mississippi endured longer confinement stemming from his refusal to capitulate.
The diehard Gen. Joseph O. Shelby, vowing never to surrender, took 300-400 of his Missouri Brigade to Mexico. In the rear of the column was a group of former high-ranking generals and government dignitaries, including governors of three states. They all returned to the U. S. within two years. Shelby died in 1897 from illness while serving as a U. S. Marshall for the Western Missouri District.
President Davis and his party were captured at Irwinville Georgia by the 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry. He was imprisoned for nearly two years at Fort Monroe Virginia. A treason trial was intended, but after a cooling off period the Federal Government wasn’t sure what to do with him. He was released on bail and the case was dropped without prosecution. He died near Biloxi Mississippi in 1889.
It might by noteworthy to mention a 135 man detachment of the 6 Wisconsin were captured on L’anguelle River, north of Mariana Arkansas on August 3, 1862. The early morning surprise attack was executed by Texas Cavalry units commanded by Col. William H. Parsons.
The Confederates scored their last hurrah on May 13 at Palmito Ranch, 12 miles east of Brownsville Texas. A Union plundering expedition led by Col. Ted Barrett was turned back by Confederate Col. John S. “RIP” Ford. The latter suffered a dozen casualties while enemy losses were numerous.
The final encounter between opposing forces in Arkansas County Arkansas occurred near St. Charles on April 11. A ten man detail made up from the 1st Indiana Cavalry were ambushed by irregulars while repairing a telegraph line. It was reported by the Hoosiers that six of their number were captured.
This brings to a close the time line observance of the sesquicentennial. Besides the warriors the role of women, slaves, and politics was reported in an effort to provide the whole picture.
Internet access has provided a fingertip means of unlocking something new and never reported on. Hopefully there will be new material for scrutiny concerning more aspects of this period of American history during the coming bicentennial.

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1st Arkansas Militia Regiment (Diary of a State: 1860)

April 08, 2015 By: admin Category: Arkansas in the Civil War, Diary of a State: 1860, Research, The Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Arkansas In The Civil WarOne section of Diary of a State: 1860 includes information on Arkansas militia regiments before and during the Civil War. The information on the 1st Arkansas militia regiment as seen on page 141 of Diary of a State includes four units from Arkansas County:

“Home Defenders” were commanded by Logan Fitzhuh (commissioned 2-8-1861)

“Dewitt Guards” were commanded by D.B. Quertermous (commissioned on 2-8-1861)

“Dixie Grays” were commanded by Sam G. Smith (commissioned on 6-1-1861)

“Arkansas Riflemen” were commanded by C.C. Goddard (commissioned on 6-26-1861)

To purchase Diary of a State: 1860, click HERE!

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Civil War Hub of Arkansas

Donate Now

Civil War in Helena

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The Seven Generals Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp in Helena, Arkansas needs your help in funding several historic projects. The camp plays an integral part in the maintenance of battle field sites and preservation of historic properties. A donation in any amount would be greatly appreciated and put to good use!

A list of the sites maintained by the Seven Generals Camp:
1) The Confederate Cemetery, where over 120 Confederates are buried, including General Patrick R. Cleburne, General James C. Tappan, and General Thomas C. Hindman.

2) Civil War Helena interpretative markers- we maintain over 50 historical interpretative panels throughout the city, including the battlefield, Confederate Cemetery, General Tappan's home, Battery C, and many other historic sites.

3) Confederate Memorial Park- We purchased and donated to the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Inc. in Columbia, TN approximately an acre of battlefield property that serves as a memorial to the Confederates that fought in and died in the Battle of Helena. Many soldiers are still unaccounted for and this park serves as their "marker". We maintain the park and the costs are mounting in maintenance, an electric bill to keep a light on the 1st National Confederate Flag that flies on a nice 25 foot pole overlooking Fort Curtis across the street.

4) We do living histories often and have a growing number of recruits that want to start re-enacting and doing living histories and interpretative programs. The costs of purchasing new and used Civil War re-enacting supplies are staggering. Any monetary or re-enacting supplies that can be donated would be appreciated.

If you would like to donate used or new re-enacting gear and supplies, we will take any items, even if they need to be fixed or mended. Re-enacting clothing items of all sizes and types needed, including hats. We have a youth program as well, so smaller sizes are welcomed as well. If you would like to donate supplies or equipment, mail it to Seven Generals Camp, PO Box 409, Helena, AR 72342.

The best part is that all items donated to the Seven Generals Sons of Confederate Camp #135's living history program are tax deductible! Upon the arrival of your donation, we will respond with our tax ID# for tax purposes.

Below are a couple choices in donating to the maintenance and preservation of Helena's battlefield:

-Make a one-time donation in any amount

-Make a donation on a regular basis. Those that donate $1000 over time will have their names on a sign of donors on Confederate Memorial Park and you will receive the Lt. William Rector Award, which includes a certificate and a medal. Over time we will start an endowment that will ensure the perpetual upkeep of historic Confederate sites in Helena.

Confederate Memorial Park- Helena, AR

Arkansas In The Civil War

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Because of the valiant support of dedicated individuals across the globe, the money has been raised for the purchase of Confederate Memorial Park in Helena, Arkansas.

We have taken a rare opportunity for the Sons of Confederate Veterans to own a core piece of battlefield and made it a reality! Located in Helena, Arkansas directly across from Fort Curtis and to the side of a Civil War era home (Moore-Hornor Home), both properties of which are maintained by the State of Arkansas (Delta Cultural Center) is approximately an acre of core battlefield that backs up to the site where General Price's troops made an attack on Fort Curtis on July 4, 1863.

On March 15, 2013 the General Executive Committee of the Sons of Confederate Veterans met in Biloxi, MS. At this meeting it was decided that the property will be donated to the SCV- This is a much-needed heritage victory in the Delta!

Your support is greatly needed!
Mail a check or money order today to:

Seven Generals Camp #135
PO Box 409
Helena, AR 72342

Your donation is tax-deductable!

ALL donations are tax-deductible!

The Arkansas Toothpick is the largest repository of Arkansas Civil War history and heritage. Observing the 150th Anniversary of the War Between the States is a task that the Toothpick does not take lightly, as we have posted original and exclusive articles on events in Arkansas on a weekly and chronological basis since 2010 (150 years after 1860). The purpose of the "150 Years Ago..." articles, written and researched by Ron Kelley and Don Roth, is to give a true reflection of the political, martial, and other aspects of Arkansas history leading up to and through the American Civil War.

Boasting of over ONE MILLION visitors, the Arkansas Toothpick has serves as a Civil War hub for historians and the general public. Our FACEBOOK page has nearly 1,000 FB Friends and counting, complete with live updates of

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If you are looking for information on your ancestors or want to locate a lost relative and need a professional geneologist, the Arkansastoothpick reccomends:
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